The Lovely Plants

Evergreen, Tropical Shade Tree: Schinus, Pepper Tree

Schinus is a genus of ornamental trees and shrubs from tropical and subtropical climates, mainly from South America. Plants in this genus are known for their fine evergreen foliage, ability to survive drought and strong winds, and ornamental fruit.

Most species in the genus of Schinus grow into tall and shady trees which are rich in fresh-green foliage. These are quite fast growing plants (sometimes, invasive) and make excellent choice for gardens and landscapes where they can be grown for shade or breaking strong winds. One of the commonly grown plants from this genus is Schinus terebinthifolius that grows as a tall shrub and later turns into a hardy tree. It grows up to 6 meters as a self-seeding plant and produces ornamental pink berries after flowering season. The sap from its stem is fragrant and might cause irritation on skin. Schinus terebinthifolius is also known as Brazilian Pepper Tree.

Schinus molle, Pepper Tree, Image by Petr Kosina

Another popular plant from this genus is Schinus molle which is usually descried as Pepper Tree because of peppery fragrance of its leaves. The plant grows up to 20 meters and provides a nice shady spot under its dense foliage. The red berries that are produced after flowering season and very attractive because of shiny red color and spicy fragrance.

Almos all species of Schinus are drought-tolerant and can be grown in a regular soil where they receive sufficient sunlight, moderate water and a rich but well-drained soil.