Birds, butterflies and bees rely on trees and plants for food and shelter. With a thoughtful design and the right mix of plants you can not only attract birds, bees and butterflies to your garden but also make sure that they keep coming back to your garden.
Birds source their food from native plants and trees. Some birds prefer seeds, some like fruits and berries, and some are attracted to insects. Therefore it is important to plant the right mix of plants and trees to attract a variety of birds. Birds also need safe nesting places. So you should consider growing plants and trees that provide shelter from environment and pets.
If you are not already growing native plants in your garden, consider including native species. They are not only low on maintenance but a reliable source of food for birds. It is a good idea to grow a mix of native plants for different seasons so that you can offer food and seeds to the birds throughout the year.
To supplement plants and trees, you can also add a birdfeeder in your garden to attract seed-loving birds. Placing a water pot during hot months of the year is also a good idea.
If you are more interested in attracting butterflies to your garden, grow nectar producing plants and shrubs. Like birds, butterflies also need water and protection from environment so placing fresh water, and butterfly boxes in the garden will attract more butterflies and bring them back throughout the year.
To attract bees to your garden, make sure you create a congenial environment for them. Bees need not only nectar but also a sheltered place to nest. Some species nest in the ground. Using a lot of mulch in your garden will be a big deterrent. Make sure that you have loose ground where these species can rest undisturbed and make their home. Some species like to nest inside deadwood. Some bees rest inside hollow stems. When you cut back shrubs and plants in the fall season, make sure that you cutback shrubs and plants in the fall, make sure you leave behind approximately a foot-long length of hollow stems. Fallen wood and old wooden fence also provide a safe nesting place for bees in your garden. You can also create a safe nesting place for bees by bundling together hollow stems and hanging them in you garden.
Top tips for attracting birds, butterflies and bees to your garden
- Avoid pesticides. If you really need to use a pesticide, use an organic pesticide.
- Plant a variety of flowering plants, shrubs, trees and bushes so that your garden has food and shelter in all seasons.
- If you have pets, make sure that birdfeeders and butterfly boxes are out of their reach.
- Choose a range of flowering shrubs, annuals and perennials of a variety of size and color to attract more and more wildlife.
- Place water pots in a sheltered and safe place for birds and butterflies especially during summer.
Plants that attract birds, bees and butterflies
Here is a list of common plants that attract birds, bees butterflies.
- Cleome hassleriana
- Mirabilis jalapa
- Salvia splendens
- Lathyrus odoratus
- Phlox paniculata
- Echinops ritro
- Alcea rosea
- Pyrus communis
Trees and Shrubs
- Salvia greggii
- Acer macrophyllum
- Black chokberry
- Lagerstroemia indica
- Pyracantha coccinea
- Potentilla fruticosa
- Prunus serotina