26 Sep

Ornamental Foliage Plant: Codiaeum, the Garden Croton

Codiaeum is a genus of lovely ornamental plants known for their attractive and colorful foliage. The genus originally belongs to Malaysia and the Pacific islands but grown widely in most tropical and subtropical climates across the globe. Only one species Codiaeum variegatum is cultivated and sold as outdoor ornamental plant.

Codiaeum

Codiaeum/ Image by Ryan Somma

Codiaeum variegatum is characterized by its colorful and variegated foliage. A large number of cultivars with different variegation patterns are easily available at garden nurseries and are usually described as ‘Garden Croton’ because of close resemblance to Croton.

Garden Crotons have leathery, colourful leaves. These plants prefer rich, moist soil and a warmer climate. Most Garden Crotons benefit from bright sunlight and develop stronger foliage colors and variegation under sunny conditions. They can be grown as evergreen shrubs as well as outdoor specimen plants. In colder climates, they can be grown in a greenhouse. For best results, provide them with a humid environment.

Codiaeum variegatum

Codiaeum variegatum/ Image by PL Tandon

Garden Crotons are easily propagated from stem cuttings.