19 Jun

Unusual Succulent Plant for Miniature Gardens: Fenestraria

Fenestraria is a small genus of miniature succulent plants that can be grown indoor or outdoor as small ornamental plants. These tiny plants are characterized by clumps of small, soft and succulent leaves. Fenestraria comes from arid regions of Namibia and South Africa where they grow and hide themselves in sandy soil in order to retain maximum water in their leaves protect them from harsh sunlight. When grown as houseplants, they tend to produce large clumps of fleshy and soft leaves that look like pebbles or tiny toes, that is why, they are commonly described as Baby Toes plants.


Fenestraria rhopalophylla (Baby Toes), Image from wikipedia.

Fenestraria or Baby Toes are excellent choice for miniature gardens or as miniature indoor plants. They can be grown in containers as low-maintenance plants. Either grown indoor or outdoor, Fenestraria loves bright but filtered sunlight in summer and protection from winter frost. The plant requires sandy and well-drained soil with regular dose of general fertilizer. Water only when the soil is completely dry because these plants cannot survive wet conditions.

Fenestraria or Baby Toes plant produces white or yellow flowers in winter. Commercially available species are:

Fenestraria aurantiaca: Grows as dwarf (50 mm) succulent plant and produces grey-green leaves and yellow flowers.

F. rhophalophylla: Miniature succulent with white flowers and grey-green leaves; grows up to 40 mm.


Though a little tricky, Fenestraria can be grown from seeds.

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